If you have dull and dark spots on your skin, it tends to be difficult to differentiate whether it's melasma, or hyperpigmentation, as both are very common. While they are two different dermatological circumstances, they can look and act the same, and they are both caused by similar things.
Here, firstly we’ll closely discuss the similarities and differences of melasma versus hyperpigmentation to assist you with recognizing the two. And, secondly how to treat them.
One explicit sort of hyperpigmentation is melasma, a condition that affects a lot of people. Melasma is a common acquired skin disorder that presents as a blotchy, light-to-dark brown facial pigmentation. Despite the fact that it likewise is a kind of condition described by dark patches of skin, melasma is separated from different types of hyperpigmentation, not just simply being sun-related, melasma is caused to some extent by hormonal changes inside the body. Melasma is mostly referred to as "the mask of pregnancy," as pregnant ladies are significantly more liable to have this condition. In fact, melasma is found considerably more predominantly in ladies - pregnant or not - somewhat due to this hormonal reason.
Melasma is likewise referred to as a "mask" as it focuses on an individual's face, resulting in dark and dull patches of skin on an individual's cheeks, upper lip, jaw, nose, or other cranial skin areas. Melasma can be tracked down in different body parts, commonly those body parts that are inclined to more sun exposure, like the shoulders.
Hyperpigmentation is an overall term used to cover quite a few circumstances where one patch of skin turns out to be visibly darker than other same skin areas. This term covers various more unambiguous circumstances like freckles, liver spots, and melasma.
Various sorts of hyperpigmentation can be brought about by different factors, for example, skin breakout, scarring, medical conditions, or inflammation from different circumstances, the primary cause of hyperpigmentation is exposure to the sun. At the point when we leave our skin unprotected from the sun’s UV rays, these harsh rays cause damage to the skin. The damage caused shows itself in numerous ways, from sun spots, dark patches, and also skin cancer in the longer run.
Mostly, hyperpigmentation is promptly treatable through a proper skincare routine like specially formulated skin creams, vitamin C, and dermatologist treatments.
How to treat Melasma, Hyperpigmentation, and Scars
- Sun Protection:
If you might think that the sun only causes skin burning or tanning. You are wrong! It also causes, uneven skin tone, pigmentation, photo-aging, and melasma and even it can cause a long-lasting health issue. And for this sunscreen NEEDS to be a part of everyone’s morning routine before stepping out of the house, be it, man or woman. If you don’t want to put your skin at risk, remember to NEVER skip your broad-spectrum sunscreen and it should be re-applied religiously every after 2 hours.
- Topical therapy
Adding a topical cream to your skincare routine to treat hyperpigmentation, melasma, and scars can be beneficial for a person. The most successful formulation for these issues has been a combination of Tranexamic Acid and, Kojic Acid, which helps in treating the skin from melasma and hyperpigmentation without thinning the upper layer and making it sensitive to the sun.
Fixderma’s recommendation in the topical melasma and hyperpigmentation treatment is the uniquely formulated Skarfix- TX and Skarfix-Plus which contain skin-loving actives like Kojic acid, Alpha Arbutin, Tranexamic Acid, and Vitamin E that is non-steroidal, works on all types of pigmentation and exfoliates the targeted darkened skin.
(Do a patch test first on the back of your arm or behind your ear. Do not forget to apply sunscreen in the morning)
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